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Carpentier, V ; Midoux, P ; Monsigny, M ; Roche, AC

Endocytosis of a(1)-acid glycoprotein variants by human monocytic lineage cells

Biology of The Cell 77 (2) 187-193

par Administrateur - publié le

Abstract :

Human a1-acid glycoprotein (AGP or orosomucoid) is a major glycoprotein of plasma. AGP can be separated on immobilized concanavalin A into three variants bearing none (AGP A), one (AGP B) or two (AGP C) biantennary glycans. In this paper, we show, using flow cytometry and confocal microscopy, that AGP C which is eluted from concanavalin A with mannose, binds to human monocytes, monocyte-derived macrophages as well as human promonocytic cell lines such as THP1 or U937. Conversely HL60, a promyelocytic cell line, does not express the surface AGP C binding protein. AGP C is internalized and degraded with an efficiency depending on the state of differentiation of these cells. In contrast, AGP A which is not recognized by concanavalin A, does not bind to any of these cells.