tél : 02.38.25.54.58 - fax : 02.38.25.55.83
An archaeal diether lipid possessing a tri-antenna of α-D-mannopyranoside linked via an oligoethylene spacer to a (2S)-2-(phytanyloxy)-3-(hexadecyloxy)propanoic acid backbone (TriMan-Diether) was designed and synthesized. This new mannosylated lipid inserted in liposomes would show both DC-targeting and adjuvant properties thanks to the TriMan structure and the diether tail part, respectively.
Non-viral gene carriers for safe and efficient gene transfection have become of particular interest among researchers of different disciplines ranging from physical chemistry to biotechnology. Recently polymeric vectors have been extensively studied as potentially new gene transfer agents. Until now most of the research efforts were made to optimize the gene-to-polymer weight ratio of polyplexes for safe and efficient gene transfection. In this work, we report on the development of novel poly(allylamine) derivatives with different balance of the primary, secondary, tertiary, and quaternary amino groups. All derivatives were able to complex pDNA into polyplexes at low gene-to-polymer weight ratios i.e., 1:1 or 1:2. Moreover, the examined polyplexes were less cytotoxic and showed better transfection efficiency when compared to linear poly(ethyleneimine). These results indicate that the presence of quaternary ammonium groups is important in the formation of stable polyplexes. Polymers with all types of amino groups showed large potential for gene delivery. Furthermore, polyplexes with such derivatives were well internalized by cells and ended up into acidic late endosomes. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Block copolymers assembled into micelles have gained a lot of attention to improve drug delivery. The recent drawbacks of the poly(ethylene oxide) blocks (PEO) contained in amphiphilic pluronics derivatives made of a central poly(propylene oxide) block surrounded by two PEO blocks were recently revealed, opening the way to the design of new amphiphilic block copolymers able to self-assemble in water and to entrap molecules of interest. Here, a family of p(methyloxazoline)-b-p(tetrahydrofuran)-b-p(methyloxazoline) triblock copolymers (called TBCP) is synthesized using cationic ring opening polymerization. Studies of micelle formation using dynamic light scattering, isothermal titration calorimetry (ITC), NMR diffusion-ordered spectroscopy (DOSY), and fluorescence experiments lead us to draw a relationship between copolymer structure and the physicochemical properties of the block copolymers (critical micellar concentration (CMC), Nagg, core diameter, shell thickness, etc.). The packing parameter of the block copolymers indicates the formation of a core-corona structure. Hydrosolubilizing properties of TBCPs were exemplified with curcumin selected as a highly insoluble drug model. Curcumin, a natural polyphenolic compound, has shown a large spectrum of biological and pharmacological activity, including anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anticarcinogenic activities. An optimized formulation process reveals that the aggregation number is the parameter affecting drug encapsulation. Patch clamp experiments carried out to study the interaction of TBCP with the cell membrane demonstrate their permeation property suitable to promote the cellular internalization of curcumin.
Bioproduction of recombinant proteins (r-proteins) and recombinant lentiviral particles (r-lentiviral particles) requires robust transfections consisting of efficient protocols that are easy to implement, with good reproducibility for a maximum production of proteins and lentiviral particles in a short time with low cytotoxicity. This study evaluates the capacity of histidinylated polyethyleneimine I (PTG1) to facilitate robust DNA transfection, with low cytotoxicity, of Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) and human embryonic kidney (HEK293T) cells for the production of r-proteins and r-lentiviral particles. We report that PTG1 transfection of cells in suspension with a plasmid DNA encoding enhanced green fluorescent protein leads to 72 and 97% of transfected CHO and HEK293T cells respectively, and does not significantly affect cell viability. PTG1 transfection of 100 mL of CHO-S cell culture in suspension at a cell density of 2 x 10(6) cells /mL resulted in a high level of transfected cells and protein expression after transfection with 0.75 mug/mL plasmid DNA. Transfection with PTG1 is more efficient than LipofectAmine2000, and gene expression is higher than observed with FreeStyle and JetPEI(R). Tri-transfection of HEK293T packaging cells leads to the production of a higher level of r-lentiviral particles compared to the calcium phosphate method, and permits two harvests of viral particles within three days. These results show that PTG1 is a powerful new transfection reagent for cell lines frequently used for recombinant protein and lentiviral particle production. PTG1 could be used in protocols for bioproduction of therapeutic proteins such as antibodies for cancer treatments and viral vectors for gene therapy applications.
We succeeded in visualizing plasmid DNA (pDNA) in the nucleus and cytosol of non-proliferative cells after transfection with linear polyethylenemine (IPEI) and histidinylated IPEI (His(16)-IPEI). This was possible with confocal microscope by using pDNA labelled with quantum dots. Indeed pDNA labelled with Cy3 leads to false positive nuclear localization because the saturation of the fluorescence signal overestimated the volume occupied by Cy3-pDNA. Moreover, Cy3 brightness was too weak to detect low amount of pDNA. About 20 to 40 pDNA copies were detected in the nucleus after the transfection of pDNA labelled with quantum dots. Transfection efficiency and cellular imaging data suggested that the cytosolic availability of pDNA, including endosome escape and/or polyplexes dissociation, is crucial for its nuclear delivery. In vitro transcription assay and transfection of cells allowing cytosolic gene expression concluded to better cytosolic availability of pDNA within His(16)-IPEI polyplexes. Cryo-TEM analyses revealed that His(16)-IPEI polyplexes exhibited a spherical shape and an amorphous internal structure which differed from the high degree of order of IPEI polyplexes. Altogether, this comparative study indicated that the high transfection efficiency of non-proliferative cells with His(16)-IPEI polyplexes was related to the amorphous structure and the facilitated dissociation of the assemblies.
Lipopolyplexes formulations resulting from association of nucleic acid, cationic liposomes and a cationic polymer are attracting formulations for siRNA delivery. Herein, imidazole- and imidazolium-based liposomes in association with histidinylated polymers are studied to produce siRNA lipopoplyplexes (LPRi) subsequently used for gene silencing. Several kinds of imidazole/histidine liposomes and cationic polymers are tested. The gene silencing effect is evaluated with synthetic siRNA directed against EGFP or luciferase mRNA, in HeLa cells stably expressing EGFP or B16F10 melanoma cells stably expressing luciferase, respectively. SiRNA formulations are compared with those prepared using some commercial transfection reagents. One formulation called His-lPEI LPRi100 comprising siRNA, histidinylated lPEI (His-lPEI) and liposomes 100 made with O,O-dioleyl-N-[3N-(N-methylimidazolium iodide)propylene] phosphoramidate and O,O-dioleyl-N-histamine phosphoramidate appears to give the best specific inhibition of gene expression at 10nM siRNA in a dose-dependent manner with low cytotoxicity. This formulation exhibits a size and a zeta potential of 60nm and +84mV, respectively. According to our previous works, histidinylated lipopolyplexes appears as a versatile formulation for DNA, mRNA and siRNA transfection.
A series of linear polyethylenimine (lPEI) substituted with histidine residue (His-lPEI) was synthesized using the Michael reaction in order to provide new highly efficient vectors for gene therapy applications (up to 95% of transfected cells) with remarkable low cytotoxicity compared to lPEI-based polyplexes.
The occurrence of translation mechanism in the cytosol offers advantages to mRNA transfer over DNA-based transfection in nondividing cells. Here, we sought to optimize mRNA constructs allowing a high level of protein upon lipofection. We found that luciferase into mouse dendritic cells (JAWSII cells) was similar to 20-fold higher when the luciferase mRNA was capped with 3’-O-methyl-m7(5’)GpPP(5’)G (anti-reverse cap analogue ; ARCA) than with m7(5’)Gppp(5’)G (CAP).
Background : The weak efficiency of plasmid transfer into the cytosol remains one of the major limiting factors to achieve an efficient transfection with DNA/cationic polymer complexes. We found that divalent metal Zn2+ can improve the polyfection efficiency, especially with DNA/histidylated polylysine (His-pLK) complexes.
Background : Glycosylated polylysines and histidylated polylysines complexed with plasmid DNA (pDNA) were proposed to develop polymer-based gene delivery systems. The present work has been undertaken in two steps to study the uptake and the intracellular processing of pDNA, which are still poorly understood in the polyfection pathway.
Nucleic acids transfer into mammalian cells requires devices to improve their escape from endocytic vesicles where they are mainly confined following cellular uptake. In this review, we describe histidine-rich molecules that enable the transfer of plasmid and oligonucleotides (ODN) in human and non-human cultured cells. An histidine-rich peptide which permeabilizes biological membrane at pH 6.4, favored the transfection mediated by lactosylated polylysine/pDNA complexes.
Ingénieur d’études , Thérapies innovantes et nanomédecine