Accueil > Publications > Recherche par années > Années 1990 > 1994

Tartier, L ; Michalik, V ; Spotheim-Maurizot, M ; Rahmouni, AR ; Sabattier, R ; Charlier, M

Radiolytic signature of z-DNA

Nucleic Acids Research 22 (25) 5565-5570

par Administrateur - publié le , mis à jour le

Abstract :

Ionizing radiations induce various damages in DNA via the hydroxyl radical OH. generated by the radiolysis of water. We compare here the radiosensitivity of BE and Z-DNA, by using a Z-prone stretch included in a plasmid. In the supercoiled plasmid, the stretch is in the Z-form, whereas it is in the B-form when the plasmid is relaxed. Frank strand breaks (FSB) and alkali-revealed breaks (ARE) were located and quantified using sequencing gel electrophoresis. We show that B- and Z-DNA have the same mean sensitivity towards radiolytic attack, for both FSB and ARE. Nevertheless, the guanine sites are more sensitive, and the cytosine sites less sensitive in Z- than in B-DNA, leading to a characteristic signature of the Z-form. The comparison of experiments with the outcome of a Monte Carlo simulation of OH. radical attack suggests that transfer of initial damage from a guanine base to its attached sugar or the adjacent 3’ cytosine is more important in Z-DNA than in B-DNA.