Accueil > Publications > Recherche par années > Années 1990 > 1999

Brack, A ; Clancy, P ; Fitton, B ; Hofmann, B ; Horneck, G ; Kurat, G ; Maxwell, J ; Ori, G ; Pillinger, C ; Raulin, F ; Thomas, N ; Westall, F

An integrated exobiology package for the search for life on Mars

Life Sciences : Exobiology 23 (2) 301-308

par Administrateur - publié le

Abstract :

A multi-user integrated suite of instruments designed to optimize the search for evidence of life on Mars is described. The package includes : * Surface inspection and surface environment analysis to identify the potential Mars landing sites, to inspect the surface geology and mineralogy, to search for visible surficial microbial macrofossils, to study the surface radiation budget and surface oxidation processes, to search for niches for extant life. * Analysis of surface and subsurface minerals and organics to characterize the surface mineralogy, to analyse the surface and subsurface oxidants, to analyze the mineralogy of subsurface aliquots, to analyze the organics present in the subsurface aliquots (elemental and molecular composition, isotopes, chirality). * Macroscopic and microscopic inspection of subsurface aliquots to search for life’s indicators (paleontological, biological, mineralogical) and to characterize the mineralogy of the subsurface aliquots. The study is led by ESA Manned Spaceflight and Microgravity Directorate. (C) 1999 COSPAR. Published by Elsevier Science Ltd.