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Schwarcz, A ; Ursprung, Z ; Berente, Z ; Bogner, P ; Kotek, G ; Meric, P ; Gillet, B ; Beloeil, JC ; Doczi, T

In vivo brain edema classification : New insight offered by large b-value diffusion-weighted MR imaging

Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging 25 (1) 26-31

par Administrateur - publié le

Abstract :

Purpose : To asses the role of large b-value diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) in the characterization of the physicochemical properties ot the water in the brain edema under expeirmental and clinical conditions. Materials and Methods : Vasogenic brain edema was induced in mice by means of cold injury. A total of 17 patients wtih extensive peritumoral brain edema were also investigated. The longitudinal relaxation time(T-1) and apparent diffusion coefficient (D) were measured in the edematous area both in humans and in mice. D was calculated by using both mono- (D-mono) and biexponential (D-fast an D-slow) approaches in the low and overall range of b-values, respectively. The D values were correlated with the T-1 values. Results : A strong linear correlation was found between T-1 and D-mono in vasogenic brain edema, both in humans and in mice. After breakdown of D-mono into fast and slow diffusing components, only Dfast exhibited a strong correlation with T-1 : D-slow was unchanged in vasogenic brain edema. Conclusion : Large b-value DWI can furnish a detailed characterization of vasogenic brain edema, and may provide a quantitative approach for the differentiation of edema types on the basis of the physicochemical properties of the water molecules. Application of the DWI method may permit prediction and follow-up of the effects of antiedematous therapy.