Accueil > Publications > Recherche par années > Années 2000 > 2007

Breard, M ; Sari, MA ; Frapart, Y ; Boucher, JL ; Ducrocq, C ; Grillon, C

The endogenous neurotransmitter, serotonin, modifies neuronal nitric oxide synthase activities

Free Radical Research 41 (4) 413-423

par Administrateur - publié le

Abstract :

Serotonin, an important neurotransmitter, is colocalized with neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS), a homodimeric enzyme which catalyzes the production of nitric oxide (NO center dot) and/or oxygen species. As many interactions have been reported between the nitrergic and serotoninergic systems, we studied the effect of serotonin on nNOS activities. Our results reveal that nNOS is activated by serotonin as both NADPH consumption and oxyhemoglobin (OxyHb) oxidation were enhanced. The generation of L-citrulline from L-arginine (L-Arg) was not affected by serotonin in the range of 0-200 mu M, suggesting an additional production of oxygen-derived species. But 5-hydroxytryptamine (5HT) induced the formation of both O-2(center dot-) and H2O2 by nNOS, as evidenced by electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) and by using specific spin traps. Overall, these results demonstrate that serotonin is able to activate nNOS, leading to the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in addition to the NO center dot production. Such a property must be considered in vivo as various nNOS-derived products mediate different signaling pathways.