Accueil > Publications > Recherche par années > Années 1990 > 1997

Cadene, M ; Duranton, J ; North, A ; Si-Tahar, M ; Chignard, M ; Bieth, JG

Inhibition of neutrophil serine proteinases by suramin

Journal of Biological Chemistry 272 9950-9955

par Administrateur - publié le

Abstract :

Suramin, a hexasulfonated naphtylurea recently used as an anti-tumor drug, is a potent inhibitor of human neutrophil elastase, cathepsin G, and proteinase 3. The complexes it forms with these enzymes are partially active on synthetic substrates, but full inhibition takes place when elastase activity is measured with fibrous elastin or when cathepsin G activity is measured using platelet aggregation. One molecule of elastase binds four molecules of suramin with a K-i of 2 X 10(-7) M as determined by enzyme inhibition or intrinsic fluorescence enhancement of suramin. The binding curves show no sign of cooperativity or anticooperativity. The K-i for the complexes with cathepsin G and proteinase 3 are 8 x 10(-8) and 5 x 10(-7) M, respectively. Ionic strength increases the K-i of the elastase suramin complex in a way that suggests that four of the six sulfonate groups of suramin form ionic interactions with basic residues of the enzyme and that at saturation almost all arginines of elastase form salt bridges with suramin. The neutrophil proteinase-inhibitory activity of suramin might be used to prevent tissue destruction and thrombus formation in diseases where massive infiltration and activation of neutrophils take place.