Rabhi, M., Espeli, O., Schwartz, A., Cayrol, B., Rahmouni, A. R., Arluison, V. & Boudvillain, M.
Embo Journal 30 (14) 2805-2816
publié le , mis à jour le
In Escherichia coli, the essential motor protein Rho promotes transcription termination in a tightly controlled manner that is not fully understood. Here, we show that the general post-transcriptional regulatory protein Hfq associates with Rho to regulate Rho function. The Hfq : Rho complex can be further stabilized by RNA bridging both factors in a configuration that inhibits the ATP hydrolysis and duplex unwinding activities of Rho and that mediates transcription antitermination at Rho-dependent terminators in vitro and in vivo. Antitermination at a prototypical terminator (lambda tR1) requires Hfq binding to an A/U-rich transcript region directly upstream from the terminator. Antitermination is modulated by trans-acting factors (NusG or nucleic acid competitors) that affect Hfq association with Rho or RNA. These data unveil a new Hfq function and a novel transcription regulatory mechanism with potentially important implications for bacterial RNA metabolism, gene silencing, and pathogenicity. The EMBO Journal ( 2011) 30, 2805-2816. doi:10.1038/emboj.2011.192 ; Published online 14 June 2011