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Ben Halima, N. Borchani, M. Fendri, I. Khemakhem, B. Gosset, D. Baril, P. Pichon, C. Ayadi, M. A. Abdelkafi, S

Optimised amylases extraction from oat seeds and its impact on bread properties

International journal of biological macromolecules (2015) 72 1213-1221 - doi : 10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2014.10.018

par Frapart - publié le , mis à jour le

Abstract :

Statistical approaches were employed for the optimisation of the extraction of amylolytic activity from oat (Avena sativa) seeds. The application of the response surface methodology allows us to determine a set of optimal conditions (ratio seed weight/buffer volume 0.1, germination days 10 days, temperature 20 degrees C and pH 5.6). Experiments carried out under these conditions led to amylase production yield of 91 U/g. Its maximal activity was in the pH 5.6 and at 55 degrees C. Study of the incorporation of the optimised oat extract into the bread formulation revealed an improvement of the sensory quality and the textural properties of fresh and stored bread. Three-dimensional elaborations of Confocal Laser Scanning Microscopy (CLSM) images were performed on crumb of the different breads to evaluate the influence of amylase activity on microstructure. The result showed improved baking characteristics as well as overall microscopic and macroscopic appearance.