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Accueil > Publications > Recherche par années > Années 2010 > 2016

Galanti M., Fanelli D. and Piazza F.

Conformation-controlled binding kinetics of antibodies

Scientific Reports (2016) 6, 18976 - doi : 10.1038/srep18976

par Frapart - publié le , mis à jour le

Abstract :

Antibodies are large, extremely flexible molecules, whose internal dynamics is certainly key to their astounding ability to bind antigens of all sizes, from small hormones to giant viruses. In this paper, we build a shape-based coarse-grained model of IgG molecules and show that it can be used to generate 3D conformations in agreement with single-molecule Cryo-Electron Tomography data. Furthermore, we elaborate a theoretical model that can be solved exactly to compute the binding rate constant of a small antigen to an IgG in a prescribed 3D conformation. Our model shows that the antigen binding process is tightly related to the internal dynamics of the IgG. Our findings pave the way for further investigation of the subtle connection between the dynamics and the function of large, flexible multi-valent molecular machines.