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Fredy, J. W., Scelle, J., Ramniceanu, G., Doan, B.-T., Bonnet, C. S., Tóth, É., Ménand, M., Sollogoub, M., Vives, G. and Hasenknopf, B.

Mechanostereoselective One-Pot Synthesis of Functionalized Head-to-Head Cyclodextrin [3]Rotaxanes and Their Application as Magnetic Resonance Imaging Contrast Agents

Organic Letters (2017) 19 (5) 1136-1139

by Frapart - published on


A versatile, five-component, one-pot synthesis of cyclodextrin (CD) [3]rotaxanes using copper-catalyzed azide–alkyne cycloaddition has been developed. Head-to-head [3]rotaxanes of α-CD selectively functionalized by one or two gadolinium 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7-triacetic acid monoamide complexes were obtained mechanostereoselectively. The magnetic resonance imaging efficiency, expressed by the longitudinal proton relaxivity of the rotaxanes, was significantly improved as compared to the functionalized CD. In vitro and in vivo preclinical studies showed a higher contrast and retention in the kidney than gadolinium 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid complex, demonstrating the potential of these rotaxanes as MRI contrast agent.