Accueil > Publications > Recherche par années > Années 1990 > 1994

Isabelle, V ; Franchetbeuzit, J ; Sabattier, R ; Spotheim-Maurizot, M ; Charlier, M

Sites of strand breakage in DNA irradiated by fast-neutrons

Biochimie 76 (2) 187-191

par Administrateur - publié le , mis à jour le

Abstract :

Therapeutic fast neutrons are densely ionizing particles, with a high relative biological effectiveness relative to Co-60 gamma rays (RBE) and a low oxygen enhancement ratio (OER). The molecular basis of their properties is not yet entirely understood. In a previous work, we have shown that neutrons induce a different number of DNA frank strand breaks as compared to gamma photons, and we have revealed the presence of breaks due to the direct effects of neutrons. In the present work, we searched for eventual differences in the chemical nature of the attacked sites in DNA irradiated in oxygenated diluted solution. We compare our results with neutrons to those previously reported by other authors using gamma- or X-rays. Using sequencing gel electrophoresis of short natural DNA restriction fragments, or synthetic oligonucleotides, we have shown that, in the case of neutrons, the attack occurs with almost the same probability, at each nucleotide, as reported for gamma- and X-rays. The doubling of bands in the bottom of gels shows the presence of two types of termini, the 3’-phosphate and the 3’-phosphoglycolate, Upon neutron irradiation, the 3’-phosphate end appears with a higher yield than the 3’-phosphoglycolate, whereas equal amounts were obtained with gamma- or X-rays.