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Castaing, B ; Fourrey, JL ; Hervouet, N ; Thomas, M ; Boiteux, S ; Zelwer, C

AP site structural determinants for Fpg specific recognition

Nucleic Acids Research 27 (2) 608-615

par Administrateur - publié le

Abstract :

The binding of Escherichia coli and Lactococcus lactis Fapy-DNA glyosylase (Fpg) proteins to DNA containing either cyclic or non-cyclic abasic (AP) site analogs was investigated by electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) and by footprinting experiments. We showed that the reduced AP site is the best substrate analog for the E. coli and L. lactis enzymes (K-Dapp = 0.26 and 0.5 nM, respectively) as compared with the other analogs tested in this study (K-Dapp > 2.8 nM), The 1,3-propanediol (Pr) residue-containing DNA seems to be the minimal AP site structure allowing a Fpg specific DNA binding, since the ethyleneglycol residue is not specifically bound by these enzymes.