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Guibourt, N ; Castaing, B ; Van Der Kemp, PA ; Boiteux, S

Catalytic and DNA binding properties of the Ogg1 protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae : Comparison between the wild type and the K241R and K241Q active-site mutant proteins

Biochemistry 39 (7) 1716-1724

par Administrateur - publié le

Abstract :

The Ogg1 protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae belongs to a family of DNA glycosylases and apurinic/apyrimidinic site (AP) lyases, the signature of which is the a-helix-hairpin-a-helix-Gly/Pro-Asp (HhH-GPD) active site motif together with a conserved catalytic lysine residue, to which we refer as the HhH-GPD/K family. In the yeast Ogg1 protein, yOgg1, the HhH-GPD/K motif spans residues 225-260 and the conserved lysine is K241. In this study, we have purified the K241R and K241Q mutant proteins and compared their catalytic and DNA binding properties to that of the wild-type yOgg1. The results show that the K241R mutation greatly impairs both the DNA glycosylase and the AP lyase activities of yOgg1.