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Accueil > Publications > Recherche par années > Années 1990 > 1993

1993

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A hypothetical complex between crystalline flavocytochrome-B(2) and cytochrome-C

Flavocytochrome b2 and cytochrome c are physiological electron transfer partners in yeast mitochondria. The formation of a stable complex between them has been demonstrated both in solution and in the crystalline state. On the basis of the three-dimensional structures, using molecular modeling and energy minimization, we have generated a hypothetical model for the interaction of these redox partners in the crystal lattice.

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Application of 2D H-1-NMR spectroscopy to the study of the brain, spinal-cord, and sciatic-nerve

Homonuclear H-1 2D NMR spectroscopy (COSY experiments at 400 and 600 MHz) were used to study the rat brain in vivo and the rabbit spinal cord and sciatic nerve in vitro. The following metabolites were identified : lactate, alanine, threonine, GABA, glutamine/glutamate, N-acetyl aspartate, aspartate, taurine, inositol derivatives, choline derivatives, and glucose. The sciatic nerve spectra showed characteristic COSY graphs of saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, and linoleic and linolenic type structures were identified.

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Catabolism of the tetrapeptide N-Ac-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro (AcSDKP), an inhibitor of hematopoietic stem-cell (CFU-S) proliferation, following in vitro incubation with hematopoietic tissues from normal and leukemic mice

The comparative degradation of N-Ac-Ser-Asp-Lys-Pro (AcSDKP), a negative regulator controlling the proliferation of the hematopoietic pluripotent stem cell, was investigated following incubation with plasma, bone marrow and spleen cells from normal mice and mice bearing a transplantable myeloid leukemia. Using the tetrapeptide, specifically radiolabelled in the lysyl residue, degradation of [H-3]AcSDKP was followed by measurement of [H-3]Lys formation resulting from its catabolism. It was shown that already after 1 h the degradation of AcSDKP in plasma from leukemic mice was higher compared to that following incubation in plasma from normal mice, whereas incubation with bone marrow cells exhibits a small difference only after 4 hours incubation. However, no increase of AcSDKP catabolic activity was observed following incubation with spleen cells from leukemic animals when compared with incubation of normal spleen cells.

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Characterization of hydrogenosomes and their role in glucose-metabolism of neocallimastix sp l2

In the anaerobic fungus Neocallimastix. sp. L2 fermentation of glucose proceeds via the Embden-Meyerhof-Parnas pathway. Enzyme activities leading to the formation of succinate, lactate, ethanol, and formate are associated with the cytoplasmic fraction. The enzymes ’malic enzyme’, NAD(P)H:ferredoxin oxidoreductase ; pyruvate : ferredoxin oxidoreductase, hydrogenase, acetate : succinate CoA transferase and succinate thiokinase leading to the formation of H-2, CO2, acetate, and ATP are localized in microbodies. Thus, these organelles are identified as hydrogenosomes. In addition, the microbodies contain the O2-scavenging enzymes NADH- and NADPH oxidase, while NAD(P)H peroxidase, catalase, or superoxide dismutase could not be detected. In cell-free extracts from zoospores of Neocallimastix sp. L2 the specific activities of hydrogenosomal enzymes as well as the quantities of these proteins are 2- to 6-fold higher than in mycelium extracts. These findings suggest that hydrogenosomes perform an important role - especially in zoospores - as H-2-evolving, ATP-generating and O2-scavenging organelles.

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Characterization of membrane sugar-specific receptors in cultured high endothelial-cells from mouse peripheral lymph-nodes

The culture of specialized high endothelial cells (HEC) from lymphoid organs (peripheral lymph nodes (PLN) and Peyer’s patches (PP)) was undertaken in order to study and characterize the cell surface molecules which are involved in lymphocyte recognition and allow homing. Cells were stimulated in vivo by a graft versus host (GVH) type of reaction before isolation and culture. The resulting adherent and growing cells were characterized as endothelial cells because of their typical aspect and their ability to produce angiotensin-converting enzyme and factor VIII-related antigen. They possess tissue-specific endothelial addressins. MECA 79 antigen is present on cells isolated from PLN while MECA 367 antigen is detected on cells from PP.

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Cleavage and binding of a DNA fragment containing a single 8-oxoguanine by wild-type and mutant fpg proteins

A 34-mer oligonucleotide containing a single 7,8-dihydro-8-oxoguanine (8-OxoG) residue was used to study the enzymatic and DNA binding properties of the Fpg protein from E.coli. The highest rates of incision of the 8-OxoG containing strand by the Fpg protein were observed for duplexes where 8-OxoG was opposite C (*G/C) or T (*G/T). In contrast, the rates of incision of duplexes containing 8-OxoG opposite G (*G/G) and A (*G/A) were 5-fold and 200-fold slower. Gel retardation studies showed that the Fpg protein had a strong affinity for duplexes where the 8-OxoG was opposite pyrimidines and less affinity for duplexes where the 8-OxoG was opposite purines. K(D)app values were 0.6 nM (*G/C), 1.0 nM (*G/T), 6.0 nM (*G/G) and 16.0 nM (*G/A).

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